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prostate cancer

Annual PSA screening may be important for Black men

Annual PSA prostate cancer screening may be particularly important for Black men, suggests a new study of 45,834 veterans, aged 55–69 years, who were diagnosed with prostate cancer between 2004 and 2017. The study found that annual prostate-specific antigen (PSA) screening significantly reduced the risk of dying from prostate cancer among Black men but not …

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Black, Hispanic, Asian prostate cancer patients encounter delays in getting advanced radiation treatment

Black, Hispanic, and Asian prostate cancer patients encountered significant delays in receiving a more advanced, targeted form of radiation therapy during the years 2004 and 2017. Traditional radiation often exposes organs next to the tumor to the full dose of radiation. However, a new form of radiation called intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) matches the precise …

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Hispanic men vary in their survival from prostate cancer depending on country of origin

Among Hispanic Americans from different countries of origin, here are significant disparities in prostate cancer characteristics, treatment choice, and survival, based on a study of about 55,000 Hispanic American men diagnosed between 2004 and 2015. Mexicans had the least favorable prostate cancer characteristics at diagnosis, while Cubans had the worst overall survival and were most …

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Black and Hispanic men less likely to get helpful MRI before prostate cancer surgery

Preoperative MRI leads to better outcomes after prostate cancer surgery, but Black and Hispanic men are less likely than White men to receive it, according to a new study led by Alexander Cole, MD, of Brigham and Women’s Hospital in Boston. Cole and his colleagues analyzed the medical records of more than 19,000 men, average …

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Screening for prostate cancer with PSA test may be worth it for Black men

Screening for prostate cancer with the prostate specific antigen (PSA) blood test has favorable tradeoffs, particularly for Black men, according to a new study. Previous calculations over a decade ago estimated that, at best, one death was prevented for every 23 men diagnosed with prostate cancer as a consequence of PSA screening. This suggested that …

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Hispanic men differ in risk for aggressive prostate cancer depending on their nation of origin

Hispanic men diagnosed with prostate cancer have significant variations in their risk for aggressive cancer, based on their nation of origin, and are less likely to be treated for high-risk disease, according to a new study of more than 895,000 men. “Hispanic men in general have a greater chance of presenting with higher-risk localized prostate …

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Black Patients Less Likely to Get High-Tech Prostate Cancer Therapy

Use of a high-tech radiation cancer treatment called proton beam therapy (PBT) has increased overall in the United States, but Black patients are getting it less often than white patients, two new studies show.  Traditional radiation treatment is photon-based, but PBT uses protons to deliver high-energy beams more precisely to tumors and reduce damage to …

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Black men treated for prostate cancer less likely to undergo valuable bone density testing

Black men on androgen deprivation therapy for prostate cancer were 20 percent less likely than White men to undergo bone density testing, which is significantly associated with a decreased risk for major osteoporotic fractures. Androgen deprivation therapy can affect bone health, resulting in decreased bone mineral density and fractures. In a group of nearly 55,000 …

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Jump in Metastatic Prostate Cancer after end of routine PSA screening

The incidence of metastatic prostate cancer, cancer that spread from the prostate, shot up in the United States after after an official recommendation not to routinely screen men with the prostate-specific antigen (PSA) test, according to a new study. The thinking was that the harms of screening all men — leading to unnecessary prostatectomies and …

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Older Black men much less likely than White men to get prostate MRI

Older Black men were much less likely than White men to receive a prostate MRI during the years 2011 to 2015.  The disparity was linked to major drivers of health care inequalities, such as living in an affluent vs poor or more racially segregated neighborhood. As a diagnostic tool, prostate MRIs improve the identification of …

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