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lung cancer

Black pastor offered tobacco industry money to oppose menthol ban

A prominent Detroit Black pastor was offered hundreds of thousands of dollars, allegedly from tobacco giant RJ Reynolds, to lead a campaign against banning the sale of menthol cigarettes in the U.S. The company sells America’s most popular brand of menthol cigarettes, Newport. The Food and Drug Administration has announced plans to ban the sale …

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Black, Hispanic, Asian lung cancer patients encounter delays in getting advanced radiation treatment

Black, Hispanic, and Asian lung cancer patients encountered significant delays in receiving a more advanced, targeted form of radiation therapy during the years 2004 and 2017. Traditional radiation often exposes organs next to the tumor to the full dose of radiation. However, a new form of radiation called intensity modulated radiotherapy (IMRT) matches the precise …

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Black and Hispanic patients with advanced lung cancer less likely than Whites to get new immunotherapy

Approval of immunotherapy for advanced lung cancer by the Food and Drug Administration (FDA) led to a significant increase in its use, but this did not eliminate disparities among users that were apparent prior to approval. The FDA approval process typically takes around 7 years, but clinical trials, compassionate use, and other agreements mean that …

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Black lung cancer patients less likely to get tested with latest genomic analysis technology

Black patients diagnosed with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer since 2017 were less likely than White patients to be tested for biomarkers that can guide treatment, according to a study of 64,000 medical records led by Debora Bruno of Case Western Reserve University (above). Black patients were less likely to ever undergo throughout their diagnosis …

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Long distances to screening may perpetuate disparities in lung cancer for Native Americans and Alaskan Natives

About one-quarter of the closest lung cancer screening facilities for Native Americans and Alaskan Natives was more than 200 miles away, according to a new study. The average distance for the three-quarters of facilities within 200 miles was about 44 miles. American Indian and Alaskan Natives have nearly three times higher incidence rates of lung …

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FDA proposes ban on menthol cigarettes

The U.S. Food and Drug Administration has proposed to ban menthol cigarettes and flavored cigars. “The proposed rules would help prevent children from becoming the next generation of smokers and help adult smokers quit,” U.S. Health and Human Services Secretary Xavier Becerra said. FDA Commissioner Robert Califf said that the proposed bans would “reduce the …

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Black Veterans do as well or better than Whites with lung cancer care in VA

Black Veterans with lung cancer receive comparable care, resulting in equivalent, if not superior, treatment outcomes as White Veterans at the Veterans Administration, according to a study by VA St. Louis researchers. Previous research in the general population has shown that Black patients are less likely than White patients to undergo surgery for lung cancer. …

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Blacks more likely to diagnosed with late-stage lung cancer

Significantly more cases of early non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) were caught following the introduction of low-dose CT lung cancer screening recommendations nearly a decade ago. But non-White patients did not share equally in the benefits. Researchers analyzed the medical records of more than 760,000 patients between 2010 and 2018. “In 2018, for the first …

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Blacks half as likely as Whites to get lung cancer screening

Among current or former smokers, Blacks were 53 percent less likely than equally healthy Whites to undergo low-dose CT lung cancer screening, in a study of more than 14,000 U.S. patients aged 55 to 79. Unfortunately, this disparity occurs “despite the potential for greater benefit of screening this population,” said researcher Alison Rustagi of the …

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Redlined neighborhoods see more air pollution that can cause lung cancer

Neighborhoods that were subject to redlining in the 1930s tend to have higher levels of air pollution many decades later, a new study has found. Redlining was the discriminatory mortgage appraisal practice used by the federal government after the Great Depression, drawing lines around Black and immigrant areas that denoted them as risky sites for …

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